Whether you are renovating, building a new home, or simply replacing an old cooling system, understanding the various types of air conditioning systems can be helpful when it comes to making the right decision on which kind of cooling system you should buy. As there are many different air conditioning systems on the market, it can become confusing knowing which one is right for you. Absolute P&M Services will share the different kinds of air conditioning systems and their pros and cons.
Central Air Conditioning System
The most common type in many homes, central air conditioning uses a split system which is an outdoor unit which contains the condenser and compressor and an indoor unit usually coupled with the furnace’s air handler or a standalone air handler. It circulates cooled air through a series of ducts and vents.
• Pros: Provides even cooling throughout the home, can be combined with heating systems, and improves indoor air quality when combined with a good filtration system.
• Cons: Requires ductwork which is not ideal for homes that do not have these systems already in place. It can also be more expensive upfront, and efficiency can be reduced if the duct system is leaky or not well insulated.
Ductless, Mini-Split Air Conditioners
These are also split systems but without the ductwork. Each room or also referred to as zones has its own air-handling unit, connected to an outdoor compressor and condenser.
• Pros: Ideal for homes without ducts, each zone can have individual temperature settings, they are energy efficient, and have a less invasive installation.
• Cons: The indoor units can be seen and may not blend with all interior decors, typically more expensive than window units.
AC Window Units
As the name suggests, these are single units installed in windows. They remove the warm air out the back and blow cooled air into the room.
• Pros: More affordable, easy to install, and ideal for cooling single rooms.
• Cons: Not as aesthetically pleasing, can block natural light, and can be noisy.
Portable AC Units
These are self-contained units that can be moved from room to room, requiring only an electrical outlet and a window for the exhaust hose.
• Pros: Versatility in cooling different rooms, easy to set up, and no permanent installation.
• Cons: Generally less efficient than window units, can be noisy, and takes up floor space.
Hybrid Air Conditioners
This is a more energy-efficient take on heating and cooling systems. It switches between burning fossil fuels and using electricity to run, depending on which mode is most efficient at that time.
• Pros: Reduces carbon footprint, cost-saving, and reduces reliance on non-renewable energy sources.
• Cons: Higher initial cost, but savings over time can offset this.
Utilizes the earth’s consistent underground temperature to cool and heat your home. A series of underground pipes transfer heat between your home and the earth.
• Pros: Extremely efficient, long lifespan, and eco-friendly.
• Cons: High upfront installation costs, but results in major savings in the long run.
Evaporatve AKA Swamp Coolers
Instead of using refrigerants, it cools outdoor air through water evaporation and then circulates it inside the house.
• Pros: Uses less electricity than traditional air conditioners, adds moisture to the air, and is eco-friendly.
• Cons: Works best in dry climates, not as effective in humid conditions.
Central Air Conditioner Maintenance, Repairs, Replacement & More in Santa Fe, Tomball, Sugar Land, Galveston, Austin & Greater Houston, Texas
When selecting an air conditioning system, it is important to consider your home’s size, layout, existing systems, and climate. Always consult with an HVAC professional who can assess your specific needs and recommend the most suitable and energy-efficient system for your home. For quality HVAC services, contact Absolute P&M Services today.